LOW AND LOWER-MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES

Afghanistan • Armenia • Bangladesh • Benin • Bhutan • Bolivia • Burkina Faso • Burundi • Cabo Verde • Cambodia • Cameroon • Central African Republic • Chad • Comoros • Congo, Dem. Rep. • Congo, Rep. • Cote d'Ivoire • Djibouti • Egypt, Arab Rep. • El Salvador • Eritrea • Ethiopia • Gambia, The • Ghana • Guatemala • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Haiti • Honduras • India • Indonesia • Kenya • Kiribati • Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. • Kosovo • Kyrgyz Republic • Lao PDR • Lesotho • Liberia • Madagascar • Malawi • Mali • Mauritania • Micronesia, Fed. Sts. • Moldova • Mongolia • Morocco • Mozambique • Myanmar • Nepal • Nicaragua • Niger • Nigeria • Pakistan • Papua New Guinea • Philippines • Rwanda • Samoa • Sao Tome and Principe • Senegal • Sierra Leone • Solomon Islands • Somalia • South Sudan • Sri Lanka • Sudan • Swaziland • Syrian Arab Republic • Tajikistan • Tanzania • Timor-Leste • Togo • Tonga • Tunisia • Uganda • Ukraine • Uzbekistan • Vanuatu • Vietnam • West Bank and Gaza • Yemen, Rep. • Zambia • Zimbabwe

This list was compiled using World Bank data and definitions. Low-income economies are defined as those with a GNI per capita of $1,005 or less in 2016; lower-middle income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $1,006 and $3,955. The ESIL Board will review the list periodically.

UPPER-MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES

Albania • Algeria • American Samoa • Angola • Antigua and Barbuda • Argentina • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Belize • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Botswana • Brazil • Bulgaria • China • Chile • Colombia • Costa Rica • Croatia • Cuba • Dominica • Dominican Republic • Ecuador • Equatorial Guinea • Fiji • Gabon • Georgia • Grenada • Guyana • Hungary • Iran, Islamic Rep. • Iraq • Jamaica • Jordan • Kazakhstan • Latvia • Lebanon • Libya • Lithuania • Macedonia, FYR • Malaysia • Maldives • Marshall Islands • Mauritius • Mexico • Montenegro • Namibia • Nauru • Palau • Panama • Paraguay • Peru • Poland • Romania • Russian Federation • Serbia • South Africa • St. Lucia • St. Vincent and the Grenadines • Suriname • Thailand • Turkey • Turkmenistan • Tuvalu • Venezuela, RB

This list was compiled using World Bank data and definitions. These upper-middle income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $3,956 and $15,000. The ESIL Board will review the list periodically.

Copyright 2018 European University Institute. All Rights Reserved.